How to Get Rid of Rats: A DIY Guide to Rat Control
Getting rid of rats has never been easy. After all, rats have made life hard on humans for thousands of years. These nuisance pests invade homes and contaminate living areas with feces, urine, fleas and dander. They transmit viral and bacterial diseases to people and cause property damage as they chew on everything in sight. As people expand communities into the rats' natural habitats, these pests will continue to raid homes and to create problems for residences and businesses alike, making it hard to get rid of rats without using the proper treatments.To get more news about Rat Board, you can visit senpinghz.com official website.
What's the Big Deal With Rats?
If people keep rats as pets, what's the problem with them? Well, let's take a look at history. Rats are disease carriers and responsible for the Black Death, a deadly plague that ravaged most of Asia and Europe in the 1340s. This disease killed more than 20 million people and continued to affect and to kill people for centuries afterward.
We don't have to go all the way back to medieval times to see how rats have negatively impacted people. Today, these rodents transmit numerous diseases to humans both directly and indirectly, such as:
Rats also spread other diseases to people, including the plague and Colorado tick fever. In fact, domesticated rats are known to harbor the bubonic plague. Though it's rare, there's always a chance to come into contact with an infected rat whether it's wild or a pet.
Some people believe that you can only get a disease from a rat if you get bitten or touch its feces or urine. However, most people contract hantavirus by inhaling contaminated dust. The rats will defecate in the dust, which gets swept up with a broom or circulated throughout a ventilation system. Before you know it, you've inhaled the dust and become infected with a viral disease.
With 51 rat species in the world, you're bound to run into at least one or two types of rats wherever you live. We're not going to cover every species that exists on the planet. Instead, we'll dive into three of the most common rat species that you'll encounter in and around homes and businesses. It pays to know how to identify rats so that you can understand which treatments to use when eliminating them.
This rodent grows up to 16 inches in length and produces up to 50 droppings in one day. Even if you can't see a Norway rat, you can identify it by its feces, which are about 3/4 inches in length and rectangular in shape with blunt ends. You might have a difficult time locating this rat since it's nocturnal and prefers to stay out of sight during the day.
Roof rats are smaller than Norway rats and prefer to eat fruits. However, they're omnivorous and will feed on most anything that's available to them. They grow up to 14 or 15 inches in length and produce between 40 and 50 droppings per day; the droppings are small and curved with pointed ends. Roof rats emit a musty odor and make unusual noises as they scurry around in attics, roofs, trees and other high places.
It grows to 7 inches in length but weighs the same as a Norway rat. Because of its chubby appearance, many professionals call the woodrat a giant hamster. The woodrat leaves behind piles of oval-shaped droppings in areas as it travels inside and outside. It's an omnivore and eats everything from seeds to other small mammals. It prefers to build its nest indoors and find its food outdoors.
It's not the size of the rodent that counts. It's the number of young that it produces in a lifetime. For instance, a female Norway rat breeds up to 12 times in a year, producing as many as 22 young each time. It only takes two months for a Norway rat to reach maturity. If a few rats have invaded your interior space, it will only take a few months before you have a complete infestation on your hands.
Woodrats reach sexual maturity in less than three months and may have up to four litters per year. Although a female only has between two and four young per litter, the total number of offspring adds up quickly in a single year. Once rats infiltrate your property, you have more than health risks to think about.